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National Aeronautics and Space Administration

CMS Missions

All of the following Missions and Instruments should enable major scientific advances for the further development of prototype carbon monitoring systems on land, air and sea.

Planned Suborbital Missions

GEDI--Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation Lidar
Launch: 2018
Platform: International Space Station
Status: Future, Formulation
Category: Venture Class, Earth Venture-Instrument
Instrument Plans: GEDI will use wave-form lidars to measure the three-dimension structure of forests for a two-year period. It is manifested for launch on SpaceX-18, nominally scheduled for launch in December 2018. GEDI passed its Key Decision Point C (KDP-C), also referred to as the Confirmation Review, on June 9, 2016. This allows GEDI to proceed to Phase C, Final Design and Fabrication. It also fixes the Agency Budget Commitment for the mission.
Status Summer 2016: Passed its Key Decision Point C (KDP-C), also referred to as the Confirmation Review, on June 9, 2016. This allows GEDI to proceed to Phase C, Final Design and Fabrication. It also fixes the Agency Budget Commitment for the mission. GEDI will use wave-form lidars to measure the three-dimension structure of forests for a two-year period. It is manifested for launch on SpaceX-18, nominally scheduled for launch in December 2018.

ECOSTRESS--ECOsystem Spaceborne Thermal Radiometer Experiment on Space Station
Launch: 2018
Platform: International Space Station
Status: Future, Formulation
Category: Venture Class, Earth Venture-Instrument
Instrument Plans: ECOSTRESS is a thermal sensor that will detect the timing, location, and predictive factors leading to plant water uptake decline. ECOSTRESS passed its KDP-C on December 10, 2015. It is currently manifested on SpaceX-15, nominally scheduled for launch in April 2018.
Status Summer 2016: It passed its KDP-C on December 10, 2015. It is currently manifested on SpaceX-15, nominally scheduled for launch in April 2018. ECOSTRESS is a thermal sensor that will detect the timing, location, and predictive factors leading to plant water uptake decline.

OCO-3--Orbiting Carbon Observatory 3
Launch: 2018
Platform: International Space Station
Status: Implementation
Category: ESSP, Other
Instrument Plans: OCO-3 is designed to collect the space-based measurements needed to quantify variations in the column averaged atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) dry air mole fraction, XCO2, with the precision, resolution, and coverage needed to improve our understanding of surface CO2 sources and sinks (fluxes) on regional scales (≥1000 km) and the processes controlling their variability over the seasonal cycle. It passed its KDP-C on May 12, 2016 and is manifested on SpaceX-17, nominally scheduled for launch in October 2018.
Status Summer 2016: is a third mission to the ISS. OCO-3 is designed to collect the space-based measurements needed to quantify variations in the column averaged atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) dry air mole fraction, XCO2, with the precision, resolution, and coverage needed to improve our understanding of surface CO2 sources and sinks (fluxes) on regional scales (≥1000 km) and the processes controlling their variability over the seasonal cycle. It passed its KDP-C on May 12, 2016 and is manifested on SpaceX-17, nominally scheduled for launch in October 2018.

NISAR--NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar
Launch: 2021
Status: Future, Pre-Formulation
Category: Earth Systematic Missions
Instrument Plans: OCO-3 is designed to collect the space-based measurements needed to quantify variations in the column averaged atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) dry air mole fraction, XCO2, with the precision, resolution, and coverage needed to improve our understanding of surface CO2 sources and sinks (fluxes) on regional scales (≥1000 km) and the processes controlling their variability over the seasonal cycle. It passed its KDP-C on May 12, 2016 and is manifested on SpaceX-17, nominally scheduled for launch in October 2018.
Status Summer 2016: is a third mission to the ISS. OCO-3 is designed to collect the space-based measurements needed to quantify variations in the column averaged atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) dry air mole fraction, XCO2, with the precision, resolution, and coverage needed to improve our understanding of surface CO2 sources and sinks (fluxes) on regional scales (≥1000 km) and the processes controlling their variability over the seasonal cycle. It passed its KDP-C on May 12, 2016 and is manifested on SpaceX-17, nominally scheduled for launch in October 2018.

PACE--Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud, Ocean Ecosystem
Launch: TBD  
Status: Decadal Survey  
Category: Earth Systematic Missions  
Instrument Plans: PACE will provide systematic observations and continuity for ongoing ocean color research, systematic observations of aerosol and clouds in the climate record, and enhanced ocean color remote sensing over a broad spectrum. PACE recently passed its KPD-A review on June 15, 2016 allowing it to proceed to Phase A (Concept and Technology Development and Formulation).
Status Summer 2016: Passed its KPD-A review on June 15, 2016 allowing it to proceed to Phase A (Concept and Technology Development and Formulation). PACE will provide systematic observations and continuity for ongoing ocean color research, systematic observations of aerosol and clouds in the climate record, and enhanced ocean color remote sensing over a broad spectrum.

Current Airborne Instruments

G-LiHT--Goddard's LiDar, Hyperspectral & Thermal Imager
Status Summer 2016: G-LiHT is a portable, airborne imaging system that simultaneously maps the composition, structure, and function of terrestrial ecosystems.

UAVSAR--Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle Synthetic Aperture Radar
Platform: NASA Gulfstream III aircraft and eventually on uninhabited aerial vehicles.
Status Summer 2016: Imaging radar instrument that collects key measurements of Earth deformation. When flown over the same area multiple times, it can determine how land features have changed. So far, it has been put to work studying climate change in the Arctic and examining Earth deformation after major earthquakes and volcanoes.

LVIS--Land, Vegetation, and Ice Sensor
Platform: NASA C-130, Global Hawk
Status Summer 2016: A scanning laser altimeter instrument that is flown, by aircraft, over target areas to collect data on surface topography and vegetation coverage.